Spiritual works


Our Fatherland, all Uzbek people suffered a huge and irreplaceable loss. An outstanding statesman and politician, the first President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Abduganievich Karimov passed away on 2 September 2016.

Islam Abduganievich Karimov was born on 30 January 1938 in Samarkand into a family of civil servants. He graduated from the Central Asian Polytechnic Institute and the Tashkent Institute of national economy, receiving degrees as an engineer-mechanic and economist.

He began work in 1960 at the “Tashselmash” (Tashkent agricultural machinery) plant. From 1961-66 he worked as an engineer, a leading engineer-constructor at the Tashkent aviation production complex.

In 1966 he started work at the State planning office of the Uzbek SSR where he was promoted from the position of a specialist to the position of a first deputy chairman of the State planning office.

In 1983 Islam Abduganievich Karimov was appointed Minister of finance of the Uzbek SSR, in 1986 – deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Uzbek SSR and chairman of the State planning office.

In 1986-89 he worked as first secretary of the Kashkadarya provincial party committee. Thanks to his great talent as a leader and organizer, his dedication and determination, ability and desire to be around people and to live with their concerns and interests, the situation in Kashkadarya region, which was under a very difficult socio-economic situation, has changed dramatically in a short period.

In June 1989 Islam Abduganievich Karimov was elected as first secretary of the Central committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan.

It was a time when the country was on the brink of a civil war, bloodshed, ethnic and religious conflicts, in line with the scenarios that were implemented in the neighboring countries. In this difficult period, he, with his foresight, will and determination saved our people and country from this gloomy fate.

It was then that our people acquired in the name of Islam Abduganievich Karimov a true leader with personal courage, indomitable will and vision of the essence of the ongoing extremely complex events, a special sense of responsibility for his country and people, for the fate of every compatriot.

On 24 March 24 1990 Islam Abduganievich Karimov was elected President of the Uzbek SSR at the session of the Supreme Council of the Uzbek SSR. On 29 December 1991 he was elected the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan in multi-candidate elections.

Heading the independent Uzbekistan for 25 years, Islam Abduganievich Karimov has attained a high authority in the country and in international community as an outstanding statesman, who has developed and implemented a deeply thought-out strategy of building a democratic constitutional state with a civil society and a market economy.

Maintaining and strengthening independence of Uzbekistan has been the highest priority for President Islam Karimov and this has become a fundamental principle of his policy.

The peoples of Uzbekistan inextricably relate the great achievements of the country in the years of independence with the name and activity of the Head of our state. He is rightfully considered the author of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, fully meeting the democratic requirements and international criteria, and has turned into a true guarantor of its implementation.

In 1991 Uzbekistan was a backward agrarian country with a hypertrophied one-sided economy, a cotton monopoly, destructively influencing it, extremely low level of people’s standard of living. The country did not produce many kinds of essential goods, did not provide its own needs, primarily on grain and energy resources.

Islam Abduganievich Karimov was firmly convinced that the political independence may not be achieved without achieving economic independence. Accordingly, he developed a program of fundamental reforms and structural transformation of the economy of Uzbekistan, based on the well-known five principles, which has received worldwide recognition as the “Uzbek model” of development. The fundamental basis of this model was the practical implementation of the strategic priority – “The reforms are not for the sake of reforms, but for the sake of people.”

Under his initiative, mass-scale structural reforms have been carried out in Uzbekistan, completely new highly technological spheres of industry, such as oil and gas, chemical, car manufacturing, agricultural and railway machinery, pharmaceutical, electrotechnical, textile and construction materials industries, have been founded.

Unique industrial plants in a world scale such as Ustyurt and Shurtan gas chemical complexes, Bukhara oil refinery plant, Kungrad soda plant, Dehkanabad potash fertilizers plant, car manufacturing plants in Andijan, Samarkand, Tashkent and Khorezm regions have been built.

A modern road-transport and engineering-communications infrastructure has been created in the country, in particular railway lines Angren-Pap with a unique tunnel through Kamchik mountain pass and Tashguzar-Boysun-Kumkurgan have been constructed, high-speed rail connection from Tashkent to Samarkand, Bukhara and Karshi has been opened, international airports have been renovated, an international logistics centre at the Navoi airport and the Uzbek national highway have been established.

Uzbekistan’s growth rates among the top 5 developing economies of the world have been a practical manifestation of the results of the reforms, implemented by President Islam Karimov.

Islam Karimov organized deep transformations in agriculture, contributing to formation of a new class of land owners- farmers’ movement. On his initiative, a program of cardinal transformation of rural areas, construction of rural houses, ensuring quality and standards of living for rural population no less than in the cities, is under implementation.

Islam Abduganievich Karimov as the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces has ensured radical reforms, improvement of combat power and potential of the Armed Forces, capable of protecting independence, territorial integrity of the Republic of Uzbekistan, inviolability of its borders, peaceful life of our people.

He has developed and implemented the Concept of foreign policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the cornerstone of which is peacefulness, based on non-interference in the internal affairs of other states and addressing emerging contradictions and conflicts only by peaceful, political means. The Head of our state made a great contribution to the preservation of peace and stability in the region and around the world.

Completely abandoning the old dogmas and stereotypes, a large-scale National program for cadres training and a radical reform of the education system on the basis of the most modern international standards have been developed and practically implemented on the initiative of Islam Karimov.

Islam Karimov directly supervised the work on developing and realizing a fundamentally new system of education of the younger generation, radically changing the thinking and outlook of our youth, who are becoming the decisive force of country’s present and future.
The Head of our state raised the respectful relation to the spiritual values of our nation, preservation and development of our sacred religion, traditions and customs, the priceless heritage to the level of state policy, greatly contributed to the increase of the authority of Uzbekistan in the international arena.

Islam Karimov initiated the formation of civil society institutions, in particular increasing the rights and authority of Mahalla in the state and public administration.

Our people are well aware of and appreciate the services of Islam Karimov for large-scale creative work on radical transformation of the image of our capital – the city of Tashkent, towns and villages throughout the country in accordance with the requirements of modern urban planning and architecture.

For his outstanding contribution to formation of a sovereign and independent Uzbekistan, creation of a democratic constitutional state, maintaining civil peace and national accord and for courage, Islam Abduganievich Karimov was awarded the title Hero of Uzbekistan and was decorated with the Mustaqillik (Independence) and Amir Temur orders. He received awards from foreign states and international organizations.

He was a full member of the Academy of sciences of Uzbekistan, for his contribution to economics, science, and education he was awarded honorary doctorates from a number of foreign universities, received awards from foreign states and international organizations.
Islam Karimov infinitely loved the people of Uzbekistan and all his life, until the last few days, dedicated to the service of his country.
The bright memory of the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the great son of the Uzbek people Islam Abduganievich Karimov will remain forever in the hearts of our people and the grateful memory of our compatriots.

Sh.M.Mirziyoev, N.T.Yuldashev, N.M. Ismailov, R.R.Inoyatov, R.S.Azimov, D.A.Nazarmukhamedov, Kh.M.Sultanov, Sh.I.Salikhov, I.M.Mirzaaliev

The department actively pursued the spiritual and educational work. From the department of spirituality and enlightenment weekly organized “Manaviyat Soat” And every Friday the faculty of the department conduct interviews with students on spiritual and educational topics.

The dorms monthly teachers of the department of general and pediatric surgery is performed explanatory conversations. Just on the basis of orders and instructions of the administration of the Tashkent Medical Academy in order to strengthen discipline and fire all the teachers of our department according to the schedule on duty at the hostel.

Together with the students members of the department go to the theater, library named after Alisher Navoi, museums (Amir Timur, a planetarium, Hastimom Mosque).

The faculty of our department regularly conduct explanatory conversations with students about the dangers of drug abuse, and alcoholism with smoking about alienation and the dangers of fundamentalist ideas about malice of terrorism and extremism.

Members of the department actively participate in annual events. Among them: the day of teachers and mentors, Constitution Day, Defenders of the Fatherland Day, International Women’s Day, Nowruz, the day of memory and honor. As members of the department every year to actively participate in sports activities.


The Republic of Uzbekistan has its own state symbols – the flag, the emblem, and the anthem sanctioned by law. The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Article 5.


The law about “The State Flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan” was adopted on November 18 in 1991 in the 8th session of the Supreme Council of Uzbekistan.

The flag of our country is a symbol of the sovereignty of the Republic. The national flag of the Republic represents the country internationally when official delegations from Uzbekistan visit foreign countries, as well as at conferences, world exhibition, and sports competitions.

The national flag of the Republic is a right-angled colored cloth of three horizontal stripes: blue, white and green.

Blue is the symbol of the sky and water, which are the main source of life. Mainly, blue was the color of the state flag of Temur.

White is the traditional symbol of peace and good luck, as Uzbek people say “Ok yul”.

Green is the color of nature and new life and good harvest.

Two thin red stripes symbolize the power of life.

There is a new moon, which symbolizes the newly independent Republic.

There are twelve stars, which stand for spiritual sign. The stars also signify the historical traditions of the Uzbek people, as well as ancient solar calendar. A particular attention to twelve stars in the flag is explained yet by another suggestion, that in the states previously existed in the territory of modern Uzbekistan the scientific thought as “Astrology” had seen its rise. The stars in the Uzbek flag also point to the ancient roots of local culture, the aspirations of Uzbek people towards perfection and loyalty.


The law about “The State Emblem” was approved by the 10-th session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan on July 2, 1992.

The new state emblem of the Republic of Uzbekistan was created to reflect the many centuries of experience of the Uzbek people.

The state emblem of the Republic presents the image of the rising sun over a flourishing valley. Two rivers run through the valley, representing the Syrdarya and Amudarya. The emblem is bordered by wheat on the right side and branches of cotton with opened cotton bolls on the left side.

The eight-angle star is at the top of the emblem, symbolizing the unity and confirmation of the republic. The crescent and star inside the eight-pointed star are the sacred symbols of Islam. The mythical bird Semurg with outstretched wings is placed in the center of the emblem as the symbol of the national Renaissance. The entire composition aims to express to desire of the Uzbek people for peace, happiness and prosperity. At the bottom of the emblem inscribed the word “Uzbekistan” written in Uzbek on a ribbon in the national colors of the flag.


The law “On national anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan” was adopted on the December 10, 1992 at the 11th session of the Supreme Council of Uzbekistan.

Poem by A. Aripov
Music by M. Burkhanov

My country, sunny and free, salvation to your people,
You are a warmhearted companion to the friends
Flourish eternally with knowledge and invention,
May your fame shine as long as the world exists!

These golden valleys-dear Uzbekistan,
Manly spirit of ancestors is companion to you!
When the great power of people became exuberant
You are the country that amazes the world!

Belief of generous Uzbek does not die out,
Free, young children are a strong wing for you!
The torch of independence, guardian of peace,
Just motherland be eternally prosperous!

These golden valleys-dear Uzbekistan,
Manly spirit of ancestors is companion to you!
When the great power of people became exuberant
You are the country that amazes the world!

Download National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Geographical location

The Republic of Uzbekistan is located in Central Asia. According to natural and geographical conditions Uzbekistan is one of the most favorable regions in Central Asia. The territory of Uzbekistan is a peculiar combination of plains and mountain terrain.

Most of the territory of Uzbekistan is occupied by plains (about four-fifths of the territory). One of the main is Turanian plain. The east and northeast of the country are situated spurs of the Tien Shan and the Pamir mountains, here is the highest point in the country (4643 m). In the north central part of the territory of Uzbekistan is one of the largest deserts in the world – the Kyzyl Kum, west – the Karakum.

The mountains and foothills are about 1/5 part of the country. The east of the country is dominated by middle and high landforms. within the republic. Within the territory of the country there are the slopes or the closure of the West Tien Shan (Ugam, Pskem, Chatkalskiy, Kurama) and the Pamir-Alai (Zeravshan, Turkestan, Hissar, Kugitangtau Baysuntau). To the south and west, they gradually fall and into the plains. Stretch between mountains large cavities: Kashkadarya, Surkhandarya, Zarafshan, Samarkand are located. The largest intermountain trough – Ferghana hollow (valley) – lenght 370 kilometers and width up to 190 kilometers. On three sides of it are surrounded by the mountain ranges and is opened only from the west. On the border with Afghanistan is a vast Amu-Darya basin.


The Republic of Uzbekistan is situated between the rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya, and covers an area of 448.9 sq. km. The length of the territory of the Republic from west to east is 1 425 km from north to south – 930 km.

The territory in the north and north-east of the Rebublic of Uzbekistan borders with Kazakhstan, in the east and south-east with Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in the west with Turkmenistan, in the south with Afghanistan. The total length of the country border is 6 221 km. The long border with Afghanistan is 137 km, with Kazakhstan – 2 203 km, with Kyrgyzstan – 1 099 km, with Tajikistan – 1 161 km and Turkmenistan – 1 621 km.


As January 1, 2015 the population of the republic is 31 022 500 people. The number of births in 2014 was 718.0 thousand people (birth rate – 23.5 ppm), the number of deaths 149.7 thousand people (mortality rate – 4.9 ppm).

As January 1, 2014, the urban population amounted to 15,552.8 thousand people (51.0 percent of the total population), the rural population – 14935.8 thousand people (49.0 percent).

From 2000 to 2015, the population of Uzbekistan increased by 6,5 million people and reached 31.0 million people.

The population of the Republic of Uzbekistan as a whole and by regions on 01.01.2015:

  • The Republic of Uzbekistan, total – 31022,5 thousand, including:
  • Republic of Karakalpakstan – 1763,1 thousand.
  • Andijan region – 2857,3 thousand.
  • Bukhara region – 1785,4 thousand.
  • Djizzak region – 1250,1 thousand.
  • Kashkadarya region – 2958,9 thousand.
  • Navoi region – 913,2 thousand.
  • Namangan region – 2554,2 thousand.
  • Samarkand region – 3514,8 thousand.
  • Surkhandarya region – 2358,3 thousand.
  • Syrdarya region – 777,1 thousand.
  • Tashkent region – 2758,3 thousand.
  • Fergana region – 3444,9 thousand.
  • Khorezm region – 1715,6 thousand.
  • Tashkent city – 2371,3 thousand

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